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Uvularia sessilifolia

Liliaceae

Sessile leaf bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia) is a native herbaceous perennial in the Liliaceae. The stems are arching, and it is colonial from underground white rhizomes. The cauline leaves are simple, sessile, and have parallel veins. The inflorescences are axillary solitary flowers. The nodding flowers are perfect and regular, with six yellow tepals (which are deciduous early) and six stamens. The ovary is superior, and the fruit is a capsule with brown seeds. A rare plant in Louisiana but quite a number of populations on Fort Polk; most are in the training areas but one population is accessible almost all the time. It is very similar to the more common Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) but after working with both for several years; bellwort stems often branch but Solomon’s seal never does and bellwort often forms clumps of plants but most Solomon’s seal are single plants. Of course, if in flower or fruit, life is easy. Twas worried that one accessible population may have been covered up by debris from Hurricane Laura but found it in good shape on Wed morning. This was one of the plants that is found along Byrd’s Creek. Closeup of flower by the late Ken Wilson. Ariel Dauzart (one of the summer interns who worked with me at Fort Polk) (shout out to her) co-published a paper on the vegetation surrounding the populations there and you can follow this link to read it - https://www.jstor.org/stable/26549366