Pinus taeda


Another pine, the most common pine in the state, LOBLOLLY PINE (Pinus taeda). It is also known as Rosemary Pine, Old Field Bull Pine, Old Field Pine, Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, Black Pine, Arkansas Soft Pine, Longleaf Pine, Indian Pine, Long Straw Pine, Frankincense Pine, Lowland Short Leaf Pine, Sap Pine, Swamp Pine, Bastard Pine, Long Shucks Pine, Foxtail Pine, Torch Pine, Slack Pine, and Short Leaf Pine. Loblolly Pine's common name is derived from a word (old English in origin) meaning a wet or muddy place. It is thought, the name Loblolly was given by the early colonists. It seems they associated the moist depressions and swamps that these trees grew near with a lumpy gruel called "loblolly" that was served for seasickness on their voyage. Loblolly Pine is a large tree reaching heights of 170 ft and an age of 300 years under favorable conditions. The bark is dark, reddish brown, thick, deeply furrowed, and scaly plates on older trees. The needles are in three's (occasionally 2's), three sided, slightly twisted, rich dark green, and 5-10" long. The tips of the branches turn upward. The small terminal bud is reddish brown. The seed cones are up to 6" long with reddish brown, but not shiny scales that are spiny. Loblolly Pine is not used for turpentine because the gum does not flow readily. However, the wood is used more than all other southern pines put together in Louisiana. The resinous, soft, brittle wood weighs about 34 lb per cu ft. It is used for lumber, cooperage, poles, plywood, pulp, boxes, cross-ties, posts, and fuel. The heartwood is orange brown and the sapwood is light yellow. Loblolly Pine originally occurred on the slopes of the small streams in the state, and was absent from the Mississippi River floodplain, the prairie section, and the clay terrace soils. Due to planting, it is much more widespread and abundant than when the Europeans first started to clear the forests. Lots of it on Allen Acres. Caterpillars of the butterfly, Eastern Pine Elfin, plus these moths; imperial moth, olique zale moth, Southern Nepytia, Southern Pine Coneworm, southern pinesphinx, and stripe-backed Moth are reported to eat loblolly pine.